How Can Students Avoid Plagiarism?

source: http://www.indiana.edu/


To avoid plagiarism, you must give credit whenever you use
• another person’s idea, opinion, or theory
• any facts, statistics, graphs, drawings—any pieces of information—that are not common knowledge
• quotations of another person’s actual spoken or written words
• paraphrase of another person’s spoken or written words.
What makes a piece of writing based on another source plagiarism?
A piece of writing based on another source is considered plagiarism mainly for two reasons:
• the writer has only changed around a few words and phrases, or just changed the order of the original’s sentences
• the writer has failed to cite a source for any of the ideas or facts

If you do either or both of these things, you are plagiarizing.

What makes a piece of writing based on another source acceptable?

Acceptable paraphrasing:
• accurately relays the information in the original using your own words
• lets the reader know the source of her information.
Strategies for Avoiding Plagiarism
1. Put in quotation marks everything that comes word for word directly from the text.
2. Paraphrase, but be sure you are not just rearranging or replacing a few words.
Instead, read over what you want to paraphrase carefully; cover up the text with your hand, or close the text so you can’t see any of it (and so aren’t tempted to use the text as a “guide”). Write out the idea in your own words without peeking.
3. Check your paraphrase against the original text to be sure you have not accidentally used the same phrases or words, and that the information is accurate.

 

EXAMPLE

ORIGINAL

Britney’s Messy Divorce

It’s over for Britney Spears and Kevin Federline.

Spears, 24, married Federline, her husband of two years and one month, after a six-month courtship in 2004. Since then, the Spears-Federline marriage has been chronicled in detail in celebrity magazines, with rumors of problems often surfacing. They have two children, 1-year-old Sean Preston and 2-month-old Jayden James.

Spears is asking for legal and physical custody of their children. She did agree to let Federline have visitation rights.

Spears requested that her earnings after the date of separation, miscellaneous jewelry and personal effects and other undisclosed assets be declared separate property.

Spears' attorney, Laura Wasser, could not be reached for comment.

An UNACCEPTABLE Article Based on the Story to the Left:

Britney Gets Divorced
by Mark Luvinspears

It’s all over for pop star Britney Spears and Kevin Federline.

Married for two years and one month, Spears, 24, married Federline after a six-month courtship in 2004. Since then, the marriage has often been rumored to be in trouble as chronicled in celebrity magazines. They have two kids, 1-year-old Sean Preston and 2-month-old Jayden James.

Spears wants legal and physical custody of their children, and she agreed to let Federline have visitation rights.

Spears asked that her earnings after the date of separation, jewelry and personal effects and other undisclosed things be declared her separate property.

Spears' lawyer could not be reached for comment.

ORIGINAL

 

Britney’s Messy Divorce

It’s over for Britney Spears and Kevin Federline.

Spears, 24, married Federline, her husband of two years and one month, after a six-month courtship in 2004. Since then, the Spears-Federline marriage has been chronicled in detail in celebrity magazines, with rumors of problems often surfacing. They have two children, 1-year-old Sean Preston and 2-month-old Jayden James.

Spears is asking for legal and physical custody of their children. She did agree to let Federline have visitation rights.

Spears requested that her earnings after the date of separation, miscellaneous jewelry and personal effects and other undisclosed assets be declared separate property.

Spears' attorney, Laura Wasser, could not be reached for comment.
An ACCEPTABLE Article Based on the Story to the Left:

Pop Star’s Marriage Bites the Dust
by Mark Luvinspears
source: www.cnn.com

Pop music superstar Britney Spears is getting divorced from Kevin Federline, her husband of just over two years. They have two children, 1-year-old Sean Preston and 2-month-old Jayden James.

This is the second divorce for each and comes as no surprise since celebrity magazines often reported that the couple was having trouble.

The divorce has not been finalized yet, but Spears is asking for custody of the children, allowing only visitation rights for Federline.

Spears is also trying to keep as much of her money and property for herself as possible, asking that “her earnings after the date of separation, miscellaneous jewelry and personal effects and other undisclosed assets be declared separate property.”

And so, another celebrity marriage has ended. I wonder how long Tom and Katie will last?